PICTURES AND VIDEOS OF AVRO AIRCRAFT 1909 - 1914

ROE 1 TRIPLANE

Roe 1 Triplane Gallery

  • Partially built Roe 1 Triplane outside boarded in hanger at Lea Marshes 1909 

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    Partially built Roe 1 Triplane with early propeller configuration Lea Marshes 1909

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    AV in front of his Roe 1 Triplane on tow path of the River Lea by the railway arches 

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    AV running up the engine of his Roe I Triplane. Note extensive accident repairs. 

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    1909 Lea Marshes Avro Triplane Workshop can be seen in arches under railway line 

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    A.V climbing into Triplane 1909 

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    Triplane 9hp Off the ground in a few yards, 1909

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    Roe Triplane, steep takeoff.  AV close to inventing the stall!

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    1909/1910, Avro Triplane - At Wembley? 

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    Triplane crash AV walking away after "tent pegging" his aircraft 

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    Daily Mirror Coverage of the "Bull's-Eye" Triplane. On the Friday AV flew 300 yards at the height of nine feet, 30th August 1909 

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    Daily Mirror Interview with AV and talking about competing for the Daily Mail prize, 30th August 1909

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    Triplane Triumph Daily Dispatch Article, 3rd June 1910 

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    Roe I Triplane flight,Brooklands.  Manchester Guardian, 3rd June 1910

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    1909 Lea Marshes, AVRO Triplane - A.V. Roe standing by propeller

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Wembley 1909 Gallery

  • Roe Triplane at Wembley, 1909.


    AV had his 20hp triplane out on December 6th at Wembley Park. He made a good number of steady flights the length of the ground, which is about half a mile long. He flew from one end to the other, rising and falling at will, at times maintaining an altitude of twenty to thirty feet. 

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Blackpool Aviation Week 1909 Gallery

  • AV discussing his propeller with Henry Farman at Blackpool in 1909.Behind Henry Farman and half off the picture on the left is Humphrey VR.

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    AV taking off in his Triplane at Blackpool Air Race, 1909
    Source: Rossal Beach

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    Blackpool Aviation Week Advert, 1909 Source: Rossal Beach 

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    AV standing with the Roe 1 at Blackpool Aviation Week, 1909
    Source: Blackpool Gazette copyright protected

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    Manchester Guardian, Article discussing AV's plans for Blackpool. 27th September, 1909

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    Humphery (left) and Alliott (right) Verdon-Roe with the Roe 1 at Blackpool Aviation Week, 1909 Source: Blackpool Gazette. copyright protected.

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    Blackpool Aviation Week Medal, 1909

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AV standing with the Roe 1 at Blackpool Aviation Week, 1909
    Source: Blackpool Gazette copyright protected

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    Alliott with Henry Farman,1909

    Source: Blackpool Gazette copyright protected 

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JAP AVROPLANE

JAP Avroplane Gallery

  • Unfinished JAP Avroplane at Lea Marshes, 1909

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ROE II TRIPLANE - MERCURY

Roe II Triplane - Mercury Gallery

  • Olympia Aero Show in London,March 1910. Price was £550 with tuition. This machine was sent to Brooklands for flight trials but rolled twice on take-off. After the second crash AV changed from wing warping to a control column. The performance of the aircraft improved and it was finally dispatched by rail to the Blackpool Flying Meeting with the Roe III but on the journey the goods train set fire due to sparks coming out of the engine and landing on the truck. Both the Roe III and Mercury were totally burnt-out.

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    The Car, 16th March 1910.  AVRO Mercury: 9 hp engine, Wing span 20ft, Lever control system, Wing warping.

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    Daily Mail, 1910.  Olympia show article, Prince of Wales feedback on the progress of the Aviation industry in England.

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ROE III TRIPLANE

Roe III Triplane

  • Roe III Triplane, 1910: 35hp JAP Two seater. Note ailerons fitted to the top wing. AV earned his Aviator's Certificate No.18 on July 20th 1910 in this aircraft 

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Blackpool Aviation Week 1910 Gallery

  • A.V. Roe taking off in his Triplane at Blackpool, 1910

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    Blackpool Aviation Week, 1910. AV sitting in the Triplane preparing for flight
    Source: Rossal Beach

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    Blackpool, 1910. A.V Roe with his 'Two and a half' Triplane

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    Roe Triplane, 1910 Blackpool Air Race
    Image courtesy of BAE Systems

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    Blackpool Aviation Week, 1910. AV sitting in the Triplane preparing for his flight

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    Blackpool aviation festival official announcement, 1910

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    Roe Triplane Blackpool air race front view clearly showing control surfaces 1910
    Image courtesy of BAE Systems 

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Boston Aviation Meeting

One of the visitors to the Blackpool Aviation meeting was J.V. Martin was also the organiser of the Harvard University Aeronautical Society.

Martin ordered a Roe III Triplane and invited AV and Claude Grahame-White to attend the event in Boston, 2nd September 1910.

 

The new Triplane was completed on the 13th August, just 11 days after the end of the Blackpool event. This was then crated up and sent to Boston.

 

AV and Grahame-White travelled on Cymric of White Star Lines, AV also took the Roe III Triplane from Blackpool on the voyage. They arrived in Boston on the 1st September.

 

The flight trials did not go very well: On the 6th September AV flew the Blackpool Triplane until the engine failed causing it to crash in front of the grandstand. The aircraft was repaired by the 8th of September and flew to 30ft, on coming into land AV turned off the engine and was hit by a gust of wind. This caused him to crash into the ground causing a lot of damage.
 

By the 12th September AV had completed the Harvard Roe III and fitted it with the 35 hp Green engine from the first wreck. On the 14th September AV flew at heights of up to 50ft in front of a crowd of ten thousand. The engine was giving him trouble and would not supply full power. The next day AV took off again after making some engine changes. He was flying well and was attempting to round the pylon when he sideslipped into the ground from 50ft. This crash was very severe and also gave AV a deep scalp wound.
 

Pixton built another Roe III for Harvard from the remains of the two aircraft and AV returned to England. 

Boston Aviation Meeting Gallery

  • Daily Mirror, 22nd September, 1910.

    AV just after a crash in his Triplane III in Boston in 1910. He was able to avoid serious injury by standing up in the aircraft before it hit the ground.

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    Claude Graham-White Flying his Farman biplane to meet President Taft after the Boston Flight Trials 1910. About to land on: W. Executive Ave., Washington, D.C., USA This is the road adjacent to the White House.  Oct. 14, 1910.

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    Daily Dispatch, 14th August, 1910. AV and Grahame White leaving Liverpool for the USA to attend an aviation meeting in Boston.

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ROE IV TRIPLANE

Roe IV Triplane Gallery

  • Roe IV Triplane replica. Built for the film ‘Those Magnificent Men and their Flying Machines’. Now housed and flown at the Shuttleworth Trust, Biggleswade, Bedford.


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    Roe IV Triplane. Contemporary "FLIGHT" photo of the original Roe IV Triplane at Brooklands.

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Roe IV Triplane Video

Click to play.

ROE-DUIGAN BIPLANE

Roe-Duigan Gallery

  • Avro-Duigan biplane, 3 views. The Aeroplane magazine article

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    Avro-Duigan biplane, 3 views. The Aeroplane magazine article

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    Avro-Duigan biplane, John Duigan flying

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AVRO CURTISS TYPE

Avro Curtiss Gallery

  • AVRO Biplane (Curtiss-Type), January 1912.  Hydro-Aeroplane, flying over lake Windermere.

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    AVRO Curtiss type drawing, 9th March 1911.  Amended design, steel and wood construction
    Source: MOSI

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ROE TYPE D

Roe Type D Gallery

  • Type D seaplane, November 1911. Maximum speed was 18 knots. The Type D capsized after take off.

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    Type D. Aero School at Brooklands, first flights of Mr Sippe. The Oxford Journal Illustrated, 25th January 1912 

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    Postcard of AVR with the first Type D biplane at Hendon.  35 HP Green Engine.  Aeronautics article.

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    Howard Pixton takes A.V. Roe`s wife Mildred up in an Avro Biplane, 1911 

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500 TYPE E

500 Type E Gallery

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    Avro 500 - Type E c. 1912, Image courtesy of BAE Systems.

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    500 - 50hp Gnome Engine

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    The 1911 AVRO, The Aeroplane - May 7th, 1914.
    Source:  Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    Avro 500 - Type E Brownsfield Mill A young Roy Chadwick is thought to be the onlooking (To the left of the engine block) 1912.  Image courtesy of BAE Systems.

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ROE-BURGA MONOPLANE

Roe-Burga Monoplane

  • Roe-Burga Monoplane.  Flight Magazine. 

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    Roe-Burga Monoplane Side Profile.  Flight Magazine.

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ROE TYPE F

Roe Type F

  • AVRO Type F, 1912.  The first cabin enclosed aircraft in the world.

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    AVRO Type F flying at Brooklands.  Flight Magazine.

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    AVRO Type F monoplane view of front fuselage.  Flight Magazine.

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    AVRO Type F Diagramme.  Flight Magazine.

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ROE TYPE G

Roe Type G Gallery

  • Avro Type G Biplan.  Source: Museum Of Science & Industry Manchester

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    The Car article, 7th August 1912.

    AVRO Type G: Entered in the military competition on Salisbury Plain. It was the worlds first cabin biplane and was powered by the 60hp Green Engine. Lateral control achieved by wing warping. The aircraft was not tested predelivery and was flown on the 7th August after being assembled on site, this resulted in a crash. The aircraft was repaired in Manchester and returned on the 14th August for further testing. The Type G was the easy winner of the assembly test in a time of just 14.5 minutes. The Farman took 9h 29min in comparison. The aircraft went onto establish a new all British Aeroplane endurance record of 7h 31min on October 21st.

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    AVRO Type G, 9th August 1912.

    Lieutenant Parke, R.N. was flying the aircraft for the very first time and after flying for 30 minutes into the 3 hour endurance test decided to come into land due to turbulent conditions. He attempted to land and overturned the aircraft damaging it very badly. The lucky pilot was saved by his safety belt. 

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    Type G Diagramme.  Flight Magazine, 1912.

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    Roe Type G Advertising for Shell, 1912.

    The aircraft was the second ever to recover from a spin. Parke was at the time test carrying Lt Le Breton as a passenger. To help relieve the monotony they were carrying out some steep dives. When doing so and attempting a turn they spun. Parke experimented as they were spinning and discovered that if the stick were central then recovery could be made by adding opposite rudder. This made the Type G the first aircraft to recover from a spin with competent observers.

    Later in on the 25th H. V. Roe flew as passenger to Upavon and became the first person to type a letter in an aircraft while in flight.

    Image courtesy of BAE Systems 

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500 TYPE H

500 Type H Gallery

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    AVRO 500.  Seaplane - 100hp.

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501 SEAPLANE

501 Seaplane Gallery

  • AVRO 501 Seaplane.  Tests were conducted on Windermere in January 1913.

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503 SEAPLANE

503 Seaplane Gallery

  • Avro 503 seaplane

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    503 Front Image - Flight Magazine

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    Avro 503 seaplane

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    503 plan diagram - Side and front elevations to scale.  Flight Magazine, 1913.

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504

The Friedrichshafen Raid

By Nick Forder - Curator at MOSI

 

When war broke out in August 1914 the Zeppelin airship was perceived as being a significant threat to the Royal Navy and the latter's ability to defend Britain. The Zeppelin was potentially more effective than using naval cruisers for reconnaissance and there were great fears that airships would be employed as aerial bombers. In the latter case the Zeppelins would have proved to be unstoppable in 1914. There was no radar to give early warning of the approach of Zeppelins, there was no co-ordinated defence system and there were no aircraft with adequate performance for use as interceptors. However the Zeppelin was to remain a perceived threat during the early months of the war and it was not until January 1915 that airships were used to bomb mainland Britain, and major reconnaissance work for the German High Seas Fleet did not begin until March of that year.

 

READ MORE

504 Gallery

  • The Collection  :  p6525-0323  :  Roe 504K  -  A3-4 of Australian War Memorial  -  late 1965, at Mascot, N.S.W.   [Steve Gibson]

    Former H2174, one of 20 “new” aircraft ordered for Central Flying School with Le Rhône 9C of 80 h.p.  -  transferred to A.A.F. on 31 Mar 21 and re-serialled as A3-4  -  one of last still in use in 1929, and transferred to A.W.M. when type WFS  : aircraft on loan from A.W.M. to Q.E.A., Ltd  -  seen here prior to conversion as replicate G-AUBG, fitted with Dyak engine  -  since returned to A.W.M

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    504
    Built under licence by Harland & Wolff in Belfast

    Source: Museum Of Science & Industry In Manchester

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    504
    Built under licence by Harland & Wolff in Belfast

    Source: Museum Of Science & Industry In Manchester

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    AVRO 504
    Production line Harland & Wolfe, Belfast one of many companies to sub contract construction of the Avro 504

    Image courtesy of John Gaertner via MOSI

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    The Olympia Aero Show 1914

    The A.V.Roe and Co. stand can be seen in the middle of the picture. In the centre of the image is the Avro 504 Prototype (3/4 rear left hand view). To the right of this is the Avro 511 racing aeroplane with it's distinctive swept wings and to the left of the 504, partially obscured by the A.V.Roe company sign, is the Avro 506 pusher scout.

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    Avro 504 (4329), 1924 Hamble - Used by Eric to take his pilot`s licence

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    Avro 504N
    G-EBHC

    Source: Ed Coates collection

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    Avro 504 (4329), 1924 Hamble - Eric Verdon Roe in forward cockpit on the day he became the youngest pilot in England

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    Avro 504A - 1915, Hamble

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    Avro 504 - 1916, Hamble

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    AVRO 504L
    Seaplane

    Source: Nick Forder via MOSI

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    Avro 504
    with children in the back

    Image courtesy of Richard Riding via MOSI

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    AVRO 504
    Blackpool - "off for a flip"

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504
    Flying over the Blackpool pier

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504
    Low fly-past at Blackpool Beach

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504's
    Lined up to take passengers for flights at Blackpool

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504
    On the beach at Blackpool, strapping in a passenger

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504
    On the beach at Blackpool, crowd of onlookers and the pier in the background

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    AVRO 504 7103

    Source: MOSI

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    504K's
    Avro Transport Company on Lake Windermere 1919
    H2581 & H2582

    H2581 has the early type of float arrangement without the extra bracing struts.

    These are often captioned as 504Ls, but I believe that they were manufactured as 504Ks, and then had floats fitted to them.

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    Avro 504 looping
    c. 1918

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    Daily Mail aircraft flying over pier

    This is the 504 prototype being flown over Paignton seafront in April 1914. This was at the start of the Daily Mail sponsored tour of seaside resorts. The aircraft was flown both as a land plane and seaplane, initially by Henri Salmet (who didn't like flying it as a seaplane) and then by Fred Raynham and George Lusted. The aircraft (as a seaplane) was commandeered by the Admiralty on 4 August 1914, but wrecked on take-off (engine failure) by Raynham as he was trying to deliver it.

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    AVRO 504
    Geoffery R Beck

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    AVRO 504 - C-EBIZ

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    504
    Built under licence by Harland & Wolff in Belfast

    Source: Museum Of Science & Industry In Manchester

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504 Newsclippings & Adverts

  • The Friedrichshafen Raid
    Advertising the success of the Friedrichshafen Raid by AVRO 504's

    The Aeroplane - January 6th, 1915

    To read the story of the raid click here

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    504 cartoon

    Nealy every pilot trained by the British learned to fly on AVRO's

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    AVRO 504
    Postcard

    Source: Rossal Beach

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    A.V.Roe & Co advertising
    For Aeroplanes, Seaplanes and Accessories

    Flight - January 8th, 1920

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    AVRO Seaplane Advertising

    The Aeroplane - July 30th, 1919

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    AVRO Type 504N

    Flight - April 10th, 1924

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    AVRO 504K, Mark II

    Flight - November 6th, 1924

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    Three AVRO Design's
    AVRO Lynx
    AVRO Aldershot
    AVRO Bison

    Flight - January 3rd, 1924

    Source:   Dave Robinson - Aviation Ancestry

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    The Friedrichshafen Raid

    Source:
    The New York Times Article
    November 24th, 1914

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    Avro 504 - A worlds first, Jazz Music in the sky!

    An Avro Machine flying from Hounslow to Southampton, carrying as passengers four members of the Bilton Jazz Orchestra. The bandsmen are playing as they fly.

    June 5th

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    AVRO seaplane under tower bridge
    Piloted by Lieutenant-Colonel Henderson DSO, MC

    Daily Mirror 15th May

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504 Video 1

Douglas Bader narrates an overview of the 504

508

508 Gallery

  • AVRO 508 at Brooklands

    Source: M.Goodall, A.Tagg - British Aircraft before the Great War /Schiffer/

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    Aero Show Olympia

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510

510 Gallery

  • 1915 with extra RNAS mods

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    AVRO 510 by the hanger

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    AVRO 510 Calshot3rd Aug 1914 Freddie Raynham pilot

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    AVRO 510 plans and profiles

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511

511 Gallery

  • 514 version with modified swept wings and skid. 80hp Gnome. Hendon

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    F. P. Raynham - nearest to camera - supports the tail of the Avro 511 Arrowscout

    Source: M.Goodall, A.Tagg - British Aircraft before the Great War

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    Aero Show Oympia 1914

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    Avro Arrowscout at Hendon with F. P. Raynham standing by the tail

    Source: Flight Magazine

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